Wednesday, May 18, 2016

A Review of the State of (London) Society in 1807

In 1808, James Peller Malcolm published a substantial--490 pages--tome about London.
Mr. Malcolm, born in America, was more artist than author. He lived for many years in England, and produced several books of topographical studies. As a writer he was thorough, didactic, and more than a little boring. The engravings in this book about London, however, more than make up for the deficiencies of his prose. And the last section of the book titled "Sketch of the Present State of Society in London" is worth a closer look.

Malcolm opens the section with a harsh indictment of the labouring classes. His words are needlessly unkind, and sneering. Rather than reproduce his tirade, I offer you his jaundiced view of the city:
After four pages of description of the flaws of the lowest classes, Malcolm proceeds to the class he considers one step above, the journeyman:

In Goswell Street--Antient inconvenience contrasted with modern convenience
Mr. Malcolm continues up the social ladder, as he sees it:

The ladies are not quite neglected. Fashion is of course mentioned in the same breath as the female sex.
The aristocracy and nobility occupy the last of Malcolm's treatise. They are excoriated for their excesses, but in all receive kinder treatment than the labourers.

And finally he bids London adieu:
 Though long, this post is only an excerpting of Malcolm's "Sketch". To view and/or download his entire book go here. The 'Sketch' is at page 481.

'Til next time,


Tuesday, April 5, 2016

'Great Advantages in Wines'

"Please drink responsibly" -- It wasn't a phrase heard in Regency England. Wine, in all its variations, was the beverage of choice of the upper classes. Ale and beer were the drinks of the working classes, gin the preferred tipple of the struggling classes. The use of spirits was becoming more prevalent in all ranks of society throughout the 1820's.

Alcohol and wine use and abuse was commonplace, and excess was condemned, but tolerated. It wasn't until the very last year of the 1820's that the temperance movement became organized, and groups began to form against the excessive use of intoxicating beverages.

Before 1820 however, there were few voices campaigning against the 'demon drink', and newspaper advertising enticingly displayed the range of products available.

In 1800, the Reading Mercury printed the following, from a London merchant:
Both advertisements below are from the Edinburgh newspaper the Caledonian Mercury  of June 17, 1805
Worth noting in the top ad is the comment "A small quantity of real Highland Whisky in bottles". Whisky had not yet become a popular drink across the British Isles and was not produced in large quantities.

On December 19, 1808 the Hampshire Telegraph out of Portsmouth published a discreet advertisement with a note "For ready Money only". Probably a wise precaution.
London retailers advertised in the London Courier and Evening Gazette on the 6th of  August 1816:

The Hereford Journal on November 18, 1818 published a detailed advertisement in two columns from the Commercial Hall Wine Company, based in London and operating through its Hereford agent, Mr. J. Havard.

The pineapple, symbol of hospitality, is a charming addition to the advertisement for 'Pineappled Spirits'. They must have been an interesting novelty.

The following advertisement from the Cheltenham Chronicle of April 13, 1815, lists the sorts of beer every family apparently required!

And a new owner took over an existing business in Carlisle in 1818. Mr. Johnson placed his advertisement in the Carlisle Patriot on the 17th of October.

In the Regency, as in the current day, alcohol manufacture and sales employed a great many people, and occupied a busy portion of the economy. I wonder--have our attitudes toward intoxicating drink changed very much in two hundred years?

'Til next time,


Wednesday, February 10, 2016

Crime and Punishment in Regency newspapers

Our newspapers are full of accounts of disasters, crises, and crime. Newspapers of the Regency era were not very different. Their knowledge of global disasters was limited, and word of international crises took months to reach English newspapers, but there was plenty of local crime and accident to write about.

The Westminster Penitentiary from Repository of Arts March 1817

Here are some of the events and cases that excited British readers:

Trewman's Exeter Flying Post December 24 1818
Trewman's Exeter Flying Post December 24 1818
Evening Mail London February 3 1800
Ipswich Journal July 15 1805

Bell's Weekly Messenger September 24 1815

Aberdeen Journal - Wednesday 30 December 1812
While there can be some comfort in knowing that the goodness of human nature has not changed over the centuries, it is sobering to realize that the darker side of humanity has shown little improvement.

Something more cheerful next time,
'Til then, all the best,


Tuesday, January 5, 2016

A Regency New Year--"Begin as you mean to go on"

New Year's Eve and New Year's Day in the Regency era in England was celebrated, it seems, very much like Christmas with:

Parties and celebrations~~

Stamford Mercury Friday 10 January 1812
 Morning Post Tuesday 9 January 1810
particularly among the Royals:

Morning Post 3 January 1814

The Public Ledger and Daily Advertiser London Friday 3 January 1812
The Courier Friday 17 January 1806
Morning Chronicle Thursday 25 December 1806

and acts of charity~~
 Hampshire Chronicle Monday 7 January 1805

 Bell's Weekly Messenger Sunday 29 December 1811

Salisbury and Winchester Journal Monday 14 January 1811

The newspapers could not avoid reporting New Year's tragedy as well:
 Norfolk Chronicle Saturday 16 January 1813
But the news from Brighton was good:
 Sussex Advertiser Monday 3 January 1814
And the new year--whatever year--promised to roll on, for rich and poor, much as the past years had done...

I hope you have enjoyed these clippings from Regency newspapers, and I wish you all a very Happy New Year!

'Til next time,


Monday, December 7, 2015

A Regency Christmas -- from the newspapers of the time

Information on the Regency experience of Christmas has always been sketchy. Christmas was certainly not the consumer event that it is today. Scrooge,  in the later Victorian era, was not all that unusual--business often took place on the 25th of December. But families still celebrated and often had the latest fashion in decorations--the Christmas tree.
An American picture circa 1812-19 by John Lewis Krimmel

Most Regency celebrations looked back, as we do, to simpler times, and more whole-hearted enjoyments. But in looking through Regency newspapers, I have come up with some of the events and ideas that formed the Regency Christmas.

Friday January 1, 1819  from Chester Chronicle

Charity was not neglected...
from Bury and Norwich Advertiser January 4, 1809
Tuesday 27 December 1814,  Morning Post,  London
but the parties were numerous...
26 December 1809,  Morning Post, London
Northampton Mercury, 1809, an account of Christmas at Woburn Abbey 

Wednesday 28 December 1814,  Morning Post,  London,
There were puzzles...
Westmorland Gazette, Friday 31 December 1819
And entertainments...
Manchester Mercury, Tuesday December 26, 1809
And gifts...
Repository of Arts advertisement December 1811
But most of all, there was family, and friends, and joy...and I wish all of these for you...
from the book "Popular Pastimes" published in 1816

Merry Christmas!

'Til next time,